- Position: full sun or partial shade
- Soil: fertile, moist, well-drained soil
- Rate of growth: average
- Flowering period: July to September
- Hardiness: fully hardy
A long flowering season, lemony, aromatic leaves and distinctive whorls of narrow-petalled, tufted flowers set above a ruff of purple bracts, all add to the appeal of bergamot. 'Squaw' has bright, guardsman-red flowers surrounded by brownish-red bracts from July to September and pointed, mid-green leaves. It looks gorgeous planted en masse in the middle of a sunny, mixed or herbaceous border, where it will be smothered with butterflies and bees during the flowering period. It associates particularly well with ornamental grasses, and the flowers make a lovely winter silhouette as they die. It does best in a soil that retains moisture over summer. One of the newer varieties, this is less susceptible to powdery mildew than many other monardas.
- Garden care: Most monardas can be capricious, and do not like soil that is either too damp or too dry. These plants are susceptible to powdery mildew, and while this rarely causes long-term damage, it can look unsightly towards the end of the summer. You can help reduce this by applying a 5-7cm (2-3in) mulch of well-rotted organic matter around each plant. Resist cutting bergamot back in autumn, since the stiff, vertical stems look good all winter.
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Q:I bought this plant from you earlier in the year and it is doing well. It is said to be mildew resistant but it has definitely got a mildew of some sort. It doesn't appear to be affecting the plant too badly and it is sending out new growth. Should I try to do anything about it or just leave it? I do not use pesticides.Asked on 6/9/2015 by Sunflowersilly from Chesham
Although this variety is often less susceptible to powdery mildew, unfortunately it can still get this disease. There are fungicide sprays available, although sorry we don't sell any.
Monardas are prone to powdery mildew but it rarely kills the plant, it just looks unsightly, so you could leave it, and then cut it back and dispose of the foliage in the autumn.
Next spring, I would apply a layer of well-rotted organic matter as a mulch around the base of the plant to help conserve moisture in the soil.
Hope this helpsAnswered on 7/9/2015 by Anonymous from crocus
Q:are these susceptible to slugs?Asked on 11/7/2015 by gardener from Oxted
These plants may indeed be attacked by slugs if they are not protected.Answered on 13/7/2015 by Helen from crocus
Q:Hi, What is the pink flower in the lower right hand corner of the middle photo please?Asked on 9/4/2014 by Bananaman from Essex
The pink flower on the right of the 'Monarda Squaw' is an Agastache, but I am afraid it is not one that we sell.Answered on 11/4/2014 by Anonymous from crocus
Q:My Phlox and Bergamot leaves are browning
Hi there I have a Phlox and some Bergamot which I bought from you a while back and whilst it's growing really well, I am finding that the lower leaves on the Phlox are going brown then yellow. I've been taking them off but as it's happening all the the way up the plant, bit by bit, it's going to look quite bare soon! I wondered why they are going yellow, and what I could do about it please? More or less the same with the Bergamot except that the leaves are going brown around the edges. Should I be taking those off and is there anything I could do to prevent it? Many thanks and best wishes DebbieAsked on 16/6/2009 by Deborah Newbury
A:Hello Debbie, It is quite normal for the older leaves on herbaceous perennials to die off as they are putting on new growth, so I would not be too concerned. Towards the end of summer, they will die back completely and in spring next year the cycle will begin again. If the plants look really tatty, then just remove the older foliage. I hope this helps. Helen Plant DoctorAnswered on 17/6/2009 by Crocus Helpdesk
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